Though important strides have been made in the last three decades in the research efforts on African Americans, there continues to be a lack of significant new understanding about the impact of the African American culture on the therapy process and dynamics. This volume provides an in-depth analysis of the counseling literature pertaining to African American clients. Specifically, the analysis includes a review of the different variables (client, counselor, counseling process, and assessment) that have received the bulk of research attention. This sets the stage for the presentation of a counseling model for African American clients. The authors discuss philosophical premises upon which the model is based and suggest specific counseling strategies and interventions related to the model. Case study material is integrated throughout the chapters, focusing on individual and group approaches. This volume is an important work for counseling professionals as well as for students in social work and counseling programs.
Chapter 7: Counseling Models for African Americans: The What and How of Counseling
Counseling Models for African Americans: The What and How of Counseling
Given the substantial increase in the literature devoted to counseling culturally different people in general (Lee & Richardson, 1991; Locke, 1992; Paniagua, 1994; Ponterotto, Casas, Sazuki, & Alexander, 1995; Sue & Sue, 1999) and African Americans in particular, it is surprising to know how many clinicians and academicians feel stuck in articulating specific, and effective, strategies for interventions with this population. Although a number of reasons could be sited for this dilemma, I am prone to believe that the culprit lies in the focus.
When I refer to the “focus,” I want to suggest that our training from traditional programs has led us to ...