• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

KEY FEATURES: This text uniquely includes an easy to follow discussion of the emerging brain science and how it connects to counseling children and adolescents. Expanded discussion of child and adolescent development addresses critical differences in age groups, a feature not found in most texts. An up-to-date presentation of counseling theory related to counseling youth, with emphasis on empirically supported approaches, offers basic knowledge students need for counseling preparation. Guided activities and case illustrations are linked to content in each chapter to aid with comprehension, application, and critical thinking. Counseling keystones at the end of each chapter summarize the critical content.

Constructivist Approaches
Chapter 9 Constructivist approaches
Donna M. Gibson Shajuana Isom-Payne

What we talk about and how we talk about it makes a difference.

—Berg & de Shazer, 1993, p. 7


How profound to think that we are living what we communicate with others. Basically, how we perceive our own experiences is built around our communication within our relationships, community, and culture. Although it may seem like an abstract concept, meaning-making through language is a foundation of human development.

Because this process is developmental, understanding a child’s process of meaning-making in counseling can be challenging. This chapter offers information on how constructivist counseling approaches evolved from the postmodern intellectual movement that acknowledges the importance of recognizing the subjective realities of ...

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