• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

KEY FEATURES: This text uniquely includes an easy to follow discussion of the emerging brain science and how it connects to counseling children and adolescents. Expanded discussion of child and adolescent development addresses critical differences in age groups, a feature not found in most texts. An up-to-date presentation of counseling theory related to counseling youth, with emphasis on empirically supported approaches, offers basic knowledge students need for counseling preparation. Guided activities and case illustrations are linked to content in each chapter to aid with comprehension, application, and critical thinking. Counseling keystones at the end of each chapter summarize the critical content.

Cognitive–Behavioral Approaches
Chapter 7 Cognitive–behavioral approaches
Tina Smith-Bonahue Kaitlyn Tiplady

There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so.

—Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act 2, Scene 2


The idea that how we experience the world is more influenced by how we think than by what happens to us was described by philosophers, scholars, and scientists long before cognitive behaviorism was articulated in the 1960s and 1970s. Psychologists such as Beck, Ellis, and Meichenbaum advocated a framework for understanding psychopathology that de-emphasized history, genetics, and underlying diagnostic conditions, focusing instead on individuals’ cognitions, emotions, and behaviors. As the name suggests, at its most basic, cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) can be considered a fusion of behavioral and cognitive approaches. From ...

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