Counseling Across the Lifespan expands the perimeters of counseling with its emphasis on preventive techniques for adjustment problems in the lifespan of a normal individual. This cogent work focuses on counseling intervention strategies from the unique perspective of an individual’s lifespan, placing techniques in the proper development context. By concentrating on life stages—from childhood through old age—the authors identify the nature and origin of various psychological issues such as self-identity and healthy lifestyle development in adolescents, family violence in young adults, or retirement transitions for older adults. The intervention tools needed to confront these issues are presented through succinct pedagogical features including case examples, checklists for evaluating clients, and exercises.
Chapter 9: Promoting a Healthy Body Image among Adolescent Women
Adolescence is most often conceptualized as a time of transition between childhood and adulthood and as a period of preparation and development for adult living (Graber & Brooks-Gunn, 1996; Schlegel & Barry, 1991). From a developmental perspective, the adolescent is challenged to adjust and adapt to significant physical, cognitive, social, and emotional changes (Hoffman, 1996; Scheer, Unger, & Brown, 1996) and successfully integrate these changes into an emerging sense of self, or personal identity, that is perceived to have continuity over time (Erikson, 1963). Thus, one of the key developmental tasks facing Western adolescents is the construction of a coherent identity that provides a sense of continuity between ...