Counseling Across the Lifespan expands the perimeters of counseling with its emphasis on preventive techniques for adjustment problems in the lifespan of a normal individual. This cogent work focuses on counseling intervention strategies from the unique perspective of an individual’s lifespan, placing techniques in the proper development context. By concentrating on life stages—from childhood through old age—the authors identify the nature and origin of various psychological issues such as self-identity and healthy lifestyle development in adolescents, family violence in young adults, or retirement transitions for older adults. The intervention tools needed to confront these issues are presented through succinct pedagogical features including case examples, checklists for evaluating clients, and exercises.
Chapter 6: Promoting Healthy Lifestyles among Adolescents
The view of adolescence espoused by G. Stanley Hall in 1904 as a time of unavoidable “storm and stress” has been difficult to shake. Hall conceptualized adolescence as a trouble-ridden phase, with youths anxiously looking for and then rejecting leadership or guidance from both peers and adults. He believed that the maturational changes taking place during adolescence emanated from purely biological factors and that nothing could be done to intervene, other than simply letting this period of time pass as “a stage.” This trend to focus on pathology—rather than on healthy development—is captured succinctly in Smith and Rutter's (1995) justification for their study of problem behaviors among U.S. adolescents: “[Disorders] can be defined … ...