Counseling Across the Lifespan expands the perimeters of counseling with its emphasis on preventive techniques for adjustment problems in the lifespan of a normal individual. This cogent work focuses on counseling intervention strategies from the unique perspective of an individual’s lifespan, placing techniques in the proper development context. By concentrating on life stages—from childhood through old age—the authors identify the nature and origin of various psychological issues such as self-identity and healthy lifestyle development in adolescents, family violence in young adults, or retirement transitions for older adults. The intervention tools needed to confront these issues are presented through succinct pedagogical features including case examples, checklists for evaluating clients, and exercises.
Chapter 17: Promoting Positive Career Change in Midlife
A fundamental task of midlife, or middle adulthood, may be characterized by the process of coming to terms with the past and preparing for the future (Erikson, 1963). In many instances, this task includes a significant career transition as individuals evaluate their work life and determine a need for change. External forces also create the challenge and opportunity of midlife career transition. Job loss due to downsizing, illness or disability, or compulsory retirement constitutes a significant portion of midlife career changes. Job entry, whether planned or in response to a financial or personal crisis, is also a significant midlife experience.
An important lifespan model of career transition, developed by Donald Super (1957, ...