Counseling Across the Lifespan expands the perimeters of counseling with its emphasis on preventive techniques for adjustment problems in the lifespan of a normal individual. This cogent work focuses on counseling intervention strategies from the unique perspective of an individual’s lifespan, placing techniques in the proper development context. By concentrating on life stages—from childhood through old age—the authors identify the nature and origin of various psychological issues such as self-identity and healthy lifestyle development in adolescents, family violence in young adults, or retirement transitions for older adults. The intervention tools needed to confront these issues are presented through succinct pedagogical features including case examples, checklists for evaluating clients, and exercises.


Adolescence is frequently defined by either physical maturity (e.g., begins with onset of puberty and ends with fully developed adult characteristics) or chronological age (12–21 years). Although there is a high correlation between these two variables, the fact that the onset of puberty for girls has moved steadily downward over the past 100 years raises questions about the stability and utility of this index of adolescence. Although some girls manifest signs of puberty by age 10 or even younger, most developmental specialists agree that social and emotional aspects of adolescence do not take place until around age 12. For this reason, we have elected to follow the convention of defining adolescence as the period of life between ages 12 and 21, inclusive.

Despite the early ...

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