Counseling Across the Lifespan expands the perimeters of counseling with its emphasis on preventive techniques for adjustment problems in the lifespan of a normal individual. This cogent work focuses on counseling intervention strategies from the unique perspective of an individual’s lifespan, placing techniques in the proper development context. By concentrating on life stages—from childhood through old age—the authors identify the nature and origin of various psychological issues such as self-identity and healthy lifestyle development in adolescents, family violence in young adults, or retirement transitions for older adults. The intervention tools needed to confront these issues are presented through succinct pedagogical features including case examples, checklists for evaluating clients, and exercises.
Part VI: Older Adults
There is universal agreement that the final stage of life ends with death, but there is less agreement about when it begins. For example, in his eight stages of psychosocial development, Erikson (1963) identified age 60 as the beginning of late adulthood. In deliberations aimed at identifying an age at which Americans would qualify for Social Security payments, the Committee on Economic Security considered ages 60, 62, 68, 70, 72, and 75 before arriving at age 65 (now, of course, the age at which full benefits will be paid is being increased). The U.S. Bureau of the Census tracks statistics on older Americans and uses 65 or older to determine membership in this population (Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics, 2000). The ...