Counseling Across the Lifespan expands the perimeters of counseling with its emphasis on preventive techniques for adjustment problems in the lifespan of a normal individual. This cogent work focuses on counseling intervention strategies from the unique perspective of an individual’s lifespan, placing techniques in the proper development context. By concentrating on life stages—from childhood through old age—the authors identify the nature and origin of various psychological issues such as self-identity and healthy lifestyle development in adolescents, family violence in young adults, or retirement transitions for older adults. The intervention tools needed to confront these issues are presented through succinct pedagogical features including case examples, checklists for evaluating clients, and exercises.
Part V: Midlife
Middle adulthood might generally be viewed as those years between the mid-30s and the early 60s, given some flexibility on either end of that range. Midlife has tended to receive less attention than many other life stages (Erikson, 1963; Savickas, 1995). Perhaps because midlife covers such a large portion of the lifespan, midlife adults are not frequently categorized as a group with specific issues. However, partly because of the extended time period, midlife individuals do encounter a substantial range of life events, moving through significant physical, emotional, sociocultural, and family changes.
An important activity of midlife is recognizing the contribution one has made, and is still making, to the world. Erikson (1963) suggests that the developmental crisis that emerges in midlife is that of generativity ...