Counseling Across the Lifespan expands the perimeters of counseling with its emphasis on preventive techniques for adjustment problems in the lifespan of a normal individual. This cogent work focuses on counseling intervention strategies from the unique perspective of an individual’s lifespan, placing techniques in the proper development context. By concentrating on life stages—from childhood through old age—the authors identify the nature and origin of various psychological issues such as self-identity and healthy lifestyle development in adolescents, family violence in young adults, or retirement transitions for older adults. The intervention tools needed to confront these issues are presented through succinct pedagogical features including case examples, checklists for evaluating clients, and exercises.
Part IV: Young Adulthood
The starting point of adulthood is ambiguous. Legally, the recognition of assuming adult responsibilities might occur at age 18 or 21 for various activities. Yet, adult responsibilities, including parenting, establishing long-term relationships, and caring for others, often begin much earlier. Furthermore, the point at which young adulthood transitions into middle adulthood can also vary. In this section, young adulthood is assumed to begin at the age corresponding to the completion of high school and extend through the formation of career and family roles.
According to Erikson (1963), the primary crisis of young adulthood is intimacy versus isolation. The resolution of this crisis is to connect to another person in an expression of intimacy. Relationships formed during this stage are likely to be more ...