This practical book helps readers provide effective mental, emotional, and behavioral health services to clients across the continuum of care, from health promotion through long-term treatment and remediation. Anchoring each chapter within a life stage—from childhood through older adulthood—the text identifies the nature and origin of various psychological issues and emphasizes the importance of anticipating and responding early to concerns that arise for large portions of the population. The Second Edition features new chapters and expanded coverage of important topics, such as sociocultural contextual factors and interprofessional health perspectives.
Chapter 5: Psychosocial Adjustment of Children With Chronic Illness
Chronic health conditions are defined as “illnesses or impairments that are expected to last for an extended period of time and require medical attention and care that is beyond what is normally expected for an individual of the same age” (Short & Rosenthal, 2003, p. 18). Recent data indicate that between 16% and 24% of children and adolescents in the United States have chronic health conditions that meet this definition (Van Cleave, Gortmaker, & Perrin, 2010). Common chronic illnesses or conditions include diabetes, asthma, cancer, cardiac conditions, neurological conditions, autoimmune illnesses ...