This practical book helps readers provide effective mental, emotional, and behavioral health services to clients across the continuum of care, from health promotion through long-term treatment and remediation. Anchoring each chapter within a life stage—from childhood through older adulthood—the text identifies the nature and origin of various psychological issues and emphasizes the importance of anticipating and responding early to concerns that arise for large portions of the population. The Second Edition features new chapters and expanded coverage of important topics, such as sociocultural contextual factors and interprofessional health perspectives.



The tasks of childhood development are numerous and critically important as foundational to lifelong health and well-being. Cognitive, social, and moral aspects of development have long been studied in infants and children, and increasing attention has been paid to the interaction of biological, genetic, and evolutionary aspects of development over the last few decades (Bjorklund & Ellis, 2014). Regardless of the perspective used to consider childhood development, it is apparent that the period from birth through elementary school is a time in which the human being changes dramatically.

Erikson (1963) proposed that several important developmental crises are encountered during childhood, including the ability to trust in others (infancy), to establish autonomy (toddlerhood), to establish initiative over guilt (pre-school), and to establish oneself as industrious ...

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