This practical book helps readers provide effective mental, emotional, and behavioral health services to clients across the continuum of care, from health promotion through long-term treatment and remediation. Anchoring each chapter within a life stage—from childhood through older adulthood—the text identifies the nature and origin of various psychological issues and emphasizes the importance of anticipating and responding early to concerns that arise for large portions of the population. The Second Edition features new chapters and expanded coverage of important topics, such as sociocultural contextual factors and interprofessional health perspectives.

Young Adulthood

Young Adulthood
Young Adulthood

Young adulthood, sometimes referred to as emerging adulthood, denotes fundamental changes in life roles and responsibilities (Arnett, 2000). There is some variation on when typical adult responsibilities start, and when young adults transition to midlife adulthood. For example, there are religious, legal, and family rites of passage that denote role changes to young adulthood that occur at different ages. For the purposes of this section, young adulthood spans from the end of high school to the formation of career and family roles.

Erikson (1963) theorized that the primary crisis of young adulthood is intimacy versus isolation. It has been argued that there is a reciprocal relationship between establishing meaningful relationships and a sense of identity (Arnett, 2000; Halpern & Kaestle, 2014). New ...

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