This practical book helps readers provide effective mental, emotional, and behavioral health services to clients across the continuum of care, from health promotion through long-term treatment and remediation. Anchoring each chapter within a life stage—from childhood through older adulthood—the text identifies the nature and origin of various psychological issues and emphasizes the importance of anticipating and responding early to concerns that arise for large portions of the population. The Second Edition features new chapters and expanded coverage of important topics, such as sociocultural contextual factors and interprofessional health perspectives.
Chapter 1: Prevention and Treatment in a Developmental Context
The need for effective and efficacious treatment of mental health disorders forms the bedrock for much of the theory, research, and practice guidelines used by psychologists, counselors, social workers, and other mental health providers. Such treatment is essential to support the health and well-being of millions of individuals and families in the United States alone. Mental illness is widely recognized as creating an “enormous public health burden” (Insel, 2008, p.iii) in the United States, and the World Health Organization (2014a) has identified mental illness and substance abuse as the worldwide leading cause of disability.
Accurate prevalence rates for mental disorders remain surprisingly elusive ...