Boot camps have developed over the past two decades into a program that incorporates a military regimen to create a structured environment. While some critics of this method of corrections suggest that the confrontational nature of the program is antithetical to treatment, authors Doris Layton MacKenzie and Gaylene Styve Armstrong present research knowledge and personal discussions with community leaders that offer insight into both the strengths and weaknesses of this controversial form of corrections.
Correctional Boot Camps: Military Basic Training or a Model for Corrections? provides the most up-to-date assessment of the major perspectives and issues related to the current state of boot camps. The book goes beyond cursory examinations of the effectiveness of boot camps, presenting an in-depth view of a greater variety of issues. Correctional Boot Camps examines empirical evidence on boot camps drawn from diverse sources including male, female, juvenile, and adult programs from across the nation.
The book explores empirical research on both the punitive and rehabilitative components of the boot camp model and the effectiveness of the “tough on crime” aspects of the programs that are often thought of as punishment or retribution, in lieu of a longer sentence in a traditional facility. Thus, offenders earn their way back to the general public more quickly because they have paid their debt to society by being punished in a short-term, but strict, boot camp.
Correctional Boot Camps is a comprehensive textbook for undergraduate and graduate students studying corrections and juvenile justice. The book is also a valuable resource for correctional professionals interacting with offenders.
The Impact of Shock Incarceration Programs on Prison Crowding
From 1980 to 1990, state and federal prison populations rose 134% to a record 771,243 inmates. By 1990, prisons were operating between 18% and 29% in excess of capacity (Greenfeld 1992). Faced with this crisis in prison crowding, states searched for ways to alleviate the pressure on prisons. Intermediate sanctions were viewed by many as a viable method of addressing the problem. Although originally designed and supported as a method of helping offenders become law-abiding citizens, many intermediate sanctions are currently being promoted and developed with the express purpose of reducing prison crowding (Palumbo, Clifford, and Snyder-Joy 1992). As such, they are expected to provide alternatives ...