Boot camps have developed over the past two decades into a program that incorporates a military regimen to create a structured environment. While some critics of this method of corrections suggest that the confrontational nature of the program is antithetical to treatment, authors Doris Layton MacKenzie and Gaylene Styve Armstrong present research knowledge and personal discussions with community leaders that offer insight into both the strengths and weaknesses of this controversial form of corrections.
Correctional Boot Camps: Military Basic Training or a Model for Corrections? provides the most up-to-date assessment of the major perspectives and issues related to the current state of boot camps. The book goes beyond cursory examinations of the effectiveness of boot camps, presenting an in-depth view of a greater variety of issues. Correctional Boot Camps examines empirical evidence on boot camps drawn from diverse sources including male, female, juvenile, and adult programs from across the nation.
The book explores empirical research on both the punitive and rehabilitative components of the boot camp model and the effectiveness of the “tough on crime” aspects of the programs that are often thought of as punishment or retribution, in lieu of a longer sentence in a traditional facility. Thus, offenders earn their way back to the general public more quickly because they have paid their debt to society by being punished in a short-term, but strict, boot camp.
Correctional Boot Camps is a comprehensive textbook for undergraduate and graduate students studying corrections and juvenile justice. The book is also a valuable resource for correctional professionals interacting with offenders.
Boot Camp Prisons and Recidivism in Eight States
Since their inception in 1983, boot camp prisons (also known as shock incarceration programs) have enjoyed considerable popular support. The programs have been enthusiastically embraced because they are designed to save scarce correctional dollars by reducing time served in institutions while simultaneously providing adequate punishment by virtue of the quasi-military environment, strict schedule, and daily work assignments (Cronin, 1994; General Accounting Office, 1993; MacKenzie & Parent, 1992). In contrast to other intermediate sanctions, they are perceived as alternative sanctions with “teeth”—an imperative in the current political climate (MacKenzie & Parent, 1992).
Boot camp prisons are distinguished from other correctional programs by their emphasis on physical labor, exercise, ...