Boot camps have developed over the past two decades into a program that incorporates a military regimen to create a structured environment. While some critics of this method of corrections suggest that the confrontational nature of the program is antithetical to treatment, authors Doris Layton MacKenzie and Gaylene Styve Armstrong present research knowledge and personal discussions with community leaders that offer insight into both the strengths and weaknesses of this controversial form of corrections.
Correctional Boot Camps: Military Basic Training or a Model for Corrections? provides the most up-to-date assessment of the major perspectives and issues related to the current state of boot camps. The book goes beyond cursory examinations of the effectiveness of boot camps, presenting an in-depth view of a greater variety of issues. Correctional Boot Camps examines empirical evidence on boot camps drawn from diverse sources including male, female, juvenile, and adult programs from across the nation.
The book explores empirical research on both the punitive and rehabilitative components of the boot camp model and the effectiveness of the “tough on crime” aspects of the programs that are often thought of as punishment or retribution, in lieu of a longer sentence in a traditional facility. Thus, offenders earn their way back to the general public more quickly because they have paid their debt to society by being punished in a short-term, but strict, boot camp.
Correctional Boot Camps is a comprehensive textbook for undergraduate and graduate students studying corrections and juvenile justice. The book is also a valuable resource for correctional professionals interacting with offenders.
Part I: The Boot Camp Model
- Chapter 2: Boot Camps as a Correctional Option
- Chapter 3: Boot Camp Prisons for Young Offenders
- Chapter 4: Correctional Boot Camps for Juveniles
Part II: The Debate About Boot Camps
- Chapter 5: Shock Incarceration: Rehabilitation or Retribution?
- Chapter 6: A “Machiavellian” Perspective on the Development of Boot Camp Prisons: A Debate
Part III: The Environment of Boot Camps
- Chapter 7: Performance-Based Standards for Juvenile Corrections
- Chapter 8: Perceived Conditions of Confinement: A National Evaluation of Boot Camps and Traditional Facilities
- Chapter 9: Boot Camps and Traditional Correctional Facilities for Juveniles: A Comparison of the Participants, Daily Activities and Environments
- Chapter 10: The Environment and Working Conditions in Juvenile Boot Camps and Traditional Facilities
Part IV: Inmate Adjustment and Change During Incarceration
- Chapter 11: The Impact of Boot Camps and Traditional Institutions on Juvenile Residents: Perceptions, Adjustment, and Change
- Chapter 12: Inmates' Attitude Change During Incarceration: A Comparison of Boot Camp with Traditional Prison
Part V: Impact on Future Criminal Activities
- Chapter 13: Boot Camp Prisons and Recidivism in Eight States
- Chapter 14: Effects of Correctional Boot Camps on Offending
Part VI: Adjustment in the Community
- Chapter 15: Shock Incarceration and Positive Adjustment During Community Supervision
- Chapter 16: Characteristics Associated with Successful Adjustment to Supervision: A Comparison of Parolees, Probationers, Shock Participants, and Shock Dropouts
Part VII: Special Offender Populations in Boot Camps
- Chapter 17: Boot Camp Prisons for Women Offenders
- Chapter 18: Shock Incarceration and Its Impact on the Lives of Problem Drinkers
- Chapter 19: The One-Year Community Supervision Performance of Drug Offenders and Louisiana DOC-Identified Substance Abusers Graduating from Shock Incarceration
Part VIII: System-Level Impacts
Part IX: Boot Camps in the Future