In this sociology text the contributors provide an introduction to the subject without over-simplifying or `writing-down' to their audience. The book aims to furnish undergraduates with the knowledge that will help them to understand and practice sociology and also to develop a self-perpetuating sociological imagination to enable them to think through new issues and new problems. It consists of a series of specially commissioned chapters around binary or dichotomous themes. Although many sociologists are critical of dichotomous models of sociological theory and research, the device crops up again and again in the history and practice of the subject. Jenks and his colleagues use the dichotomies to situate students in curren
This chapter will introduce you to the debate that exists between sociologists over how they imagine that people are motivated to act in the social world. This can take the form of an active perspective, where it is supposed that people exercise free will and choice, or a passive perspective, where it is supposed ...