Addressing the specific issues surrounding wrongful convictions and their implications for society, Convicted but Innocent includes: survey data concerning the possible magnitude of the problem and its causes; fascinating actual case samples; detailed analyses of the major factors associated with wrongful conviction; discussion of public policy implications; and recommendations for reducing the occurrence of such convictions. The authors maintain that while no system of justice can be perfect, a focus on preventable errors can substantially reduce the number of current conviction injustices.
- Chapter 1: With Apologies to the Prisoner
- Defining the Convicted Innocents
- Where Doubt Remains
- Declared Innocent, and Still Incarcerated
- Chapter 2: Causes Célèbres
- A Nineteenth-Century Case: The Dreyfus Affair
- The Scottsboro Boys
- The Lindbergh Baby Kidnapping
- The Sad Saga of Isidore Zimmerman
- Randall Dale Adams: Injustice in Dallas
- “Ivan the Terrible,” or a Terrible Case of Mistaken Identity?
- Chapter 3: How Could This Have Happened? The Causes and Prevalence of Wrongful Conviction
- How Does it Happen?
- Eyewitness Error
- Prosecutorial and Police Misconduct and Errors
- Plea Bargaining
- Community Pressure for Conviction
- Inadequacy of Counsel
- Accusations against the Innocent by the Guilty
- Criminal Records
- Race as a Factor
- Chapter 4: What Did They Really See? The Problems of Eyewitness Identification
- Psychological Factors
- Systemic Factors
- Societal and Cultural Factors
- Chapter 5: False Confessions, Miranda Notwithstanding
- The Bradley Cox Case
- Chapter 6: Wrongful Conviction and Public Policy: What Can Be Done?
- Crime Control versus Due Process
- What is the Meaning of Wrongful Conviction?
- Reducing the Incidence of Wrongful Conviction
- Identifying and Exonerating Convicted Innocents
- Compensating and Reintegrating Convicted Innocents
- Capital Punishment: The Irreversible Error