- Subject index
This centennial collection of essays and original research studies captures the varied spectrum of philosophies and concerns of the Board and staff of the National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) over the past century . The criminological experts represented in this volume are renowned for their study and research into the far reaches of this field of study. As a chronicle of the NCCD’s development, editors Barry Krisberg, Susan Marchionna, and Christopher Baird include some of the most groundbreaking material to come out of the workings of this unique American institution.
Part III: Alternatives to Mass Incarceration
Central to the NCCD is the principle that there exist safe and more cost-effective alternatives to imprisonment for nondangerous offenders. Indeed, the history of the NCCD reveals a strong legacy of research, advocacy, and training of professionals in best practices for probation, parole, and other community-based sanctions. Tragically, the NCCD view has not prevailed in the political marketplace. The number of Americans who are in prisons and jails has surpassed 2 million. The U.S. imprisonment rate is well over 700 per 100,000 citizens—the highest in the world, exceeding the incarceration rates of Russia, China, and other nondemocratic regimes.
For many decades the U.S. prison population was relatively stable, but beginning in 1979 the nation witnessed a stunning and steady ...