This centennial collection of essays and original research studies captures the varied spectrum of philosophies and concerns of the Board and staff of the National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) over the past century . The criminological experts represented in this volume are renowned for their study and research into the far reaches of this field of study. As a chronicle of the NCCD’s development, editors Barry Krisberg, Susan Marchionna, and Christopher Baird include some of the most groundbreaking material to come out of the workings of this unique American institution.
Part II: The Need for a Separate System of Justice for Children
The American juvenile court was created in 1899 in Chicago, Illinois, and Denver, Colorado. The new “children's court” built on more informal practices in several cities in which wayward youth were placed with volunteer probation officers in lieu of being sentenced to adult or juvenile corrections facilities. It was to become the model for handling delinquent youth throughout the world.
The National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) was intimately involved with the expansion and growth of the juvenile court. The NCCD developed standards for the qualifications and training of juvenile court judges and court staff. Through its surveys, the NCCD spread the movement to remove children ...