Demonstrating that all notions of nature are inextricably entangled in different forms of social life, the text elaborates the many ways in which the apparently natural world has been produced from within particular social practices. These are analyzed in terms of different senses, different times and the production of distinct spaces, including the local, the national and the global. The authors emphasize the importance of cultural understandings of the physical world, highlighting the ways in which these have been routinely misunderstood by academic and policy discourses. They show that popular conceptions of, and attitudes to, nature are often contradictory and that there are no simple ways of prevailing upon people to `

Nature as Countryside

Nature as countryside

In this chapter we examine a variety of ways in which nature gets produced as countryside. We thus examine a specific example of the more general processes involved in the production of space (and time). To examine these processes we employ Lefebvre's theory of spatialisation and in particular his three-fold distinction of spaces (Lefebvre 1991: 33–8; and see Soja 1996 on Lefebvre's trialectics of spatiality). First, there are spatial practices. These range from individual routines to the systematic creation of economic and physical zones and regions. Such spatial practices are over time concretised in the built environment and in the enduring character of the landscape. Second, there are representations of space, the various forms of knowledge and practices which organise ...

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