`This text provides an up to date account of how things currently stand in political philosophy, and will provide an excellent introduction for students from any background. It gives a lucid and careful account of the central controversies and sites of disagreement in political theory over the last thirty years and rather than sacrifice theoretical sophistication and nuance for the sake of clarity and accessibility, it admirably achieves both' - Catriona McKinnon, University of YorkThis comprehensive textbook provides a complete and accessible introduction to the main theorists and issues in contemporary political theory today. The text is organized into two major parts. The first, Contemporary Liberal Theory, outlines four distinct liberal theories of justice to introduce the work of Rawls, Nozick, Gauthier and Dworkin. The second, Alternative Traditions, introduces the theorists and themes associated with four key areas of contemporary debate: communitarianism, multiculturalism, deliberative democracy and feminism. By giving students questions for consideration and using applied examples throughout, the text illustrates the practical relevance of contemporary theoretical debates to everyday issues in policy and politics. The result is an essential overview of all the main traditions, issues and positions in political theory today that will serve as an invaluable resource for all students of contemporary political theory, political ideas and political philosophy. Colin Farrelly is Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Waterloo, Canada. Introduction to Contemporary Political Theory will complement Contemporary Political Theory: A Reader edited by Colin Farrelly and also published by SAGE Publications.
Chapter 4: Dworkin on Equality
Dworkin on Equality
- Introduction 73
- Dworkin on Equality of Resources 75
- Welfare Reform and the Basic Income Proposal 80
- Political Equality and Democracy 85
- Against Luck Egalitarianism 89
Our discussion of the various versions of contemporary liberal theory should make it apparent that liberty is one of the core values that liberals cherish. Rawls and Nozick, for example, reject utilitarianism because they believe that a public philosophy that permits the loss of freedom for some in the interests of the greater overall good is a deficient theory. Despite Gauthier's attempt to construct a contractarian theory that is devoid of moral premises even he appeals to the value of liberty when he invokes the Lockean proviso. But what about the value of equality? Is this not also a ...