`This text provides an up to date account of how things currently stand in political philosophy, and will provide an excellent introduction for students from any background. It gives a lucid and careful account of the central controversies and sites of disagreement in political theory over the last thirty years and rather than sacrifice theoretical sophistication and nuance for the sake of clarity and accessibility, it admirably achieves both' - Catriona McKinnon, University of YorkThis comprehensive textbook provides a complete and accessible introduction to the main theorists and issues in contemporary political theory today. The text is organized into two major parts. The first, Contemporary Liberal Theory, outlines four distinct liberal theories of justice to introduce the work of Rawls, Nozick, Gauthier and Dworkin. The second, Alternative Traditions, introduces the theorists and themes associated with four key areas of contemporary debate: communitarianism, multiculturalism, deliberative democracy and feminism. By giving students questions for consideration and using applied examples throughout, the text illustrates the practical relevance of contemporary theoretical debates to everyday issues in policy and politics. The result is an essential overview of all the main traditions, issues and positions in political theory today that will serve as an invaluable resource for all students of contemporary political theory, political ideas and political philosophy. Colin Farrelly is Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Waterloo, Canada. Introduction to Contemporary Political Theory will complement Contemporary Political Theory: A Reader edited by Colin Farrelly and also published by SAGE Publications.
Chapter 3: Gauthier and Justice as Mutual Advantage
Gauthier and Justice as Mutual Advantage
- Introduction 53
- Hobbes and the State of Nature 54
- Gauthier and the Compliance Problem 57
- What is a Rational Bargain? 63
- The Limits of Justice as Mutual Advantage 67
In the first two chapters we examined two competing conceptions of justice – Rawls's theory of justice as fairness and Nozick's entitlement theory of justice. Despite how radically different their theories are, Rawls and Nozick both share some important common ground, namely the methodology they invoke when constructing and defending their theories. Both theories appeal to the moral sensibilities we have concerning what is just. By characterizing his original position as the ‘appropriate initial status quo’ Rawls appeals to our moral sensibilities of fairness, equality and impartiality. Nozick's entitlement ...