`This text provides an up to date account of how things currently stand in political philosophy, and will provide an excellent introduction for students from any background. It gives a lucid and careful account of the central controversies and sites of disagreement in political theory over the last thirty years and rather than sacrifice theoretical sophistication and nuance for the sake of clarity and accessibility, it admirably achieves both' - Catriona McKinnon, University of YorkThis comprehensive textbook provides a complete and accessible introduction to the main theorists and issues in contemporary political theory today. The text is organized into two major parts. The first, Contemporary Liberal Theory, outlines four distinct liberal theories of justice to introduce the work of Rawls, Nozick, Gauthier and Dworkin. The second, Alternative Traditions, introduces the theorists and themes associated with four key areas of contemporary debate: communitarianism, multiculturalism, deliberative democracy and feminism. By giving students questions for consideration and using applied examples throughout, the text illustrates the practical relevance of contemporary theoretical debates to everyday issues in policy and politics. The result is an essential overview of all the main traditions, issues and positions in political theory today that will serve as an invaluable resource for all students of contemporary political theory, political ideas and political philosophy. Colin Farrelly is Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Waterloo, Canada. Introduction to Contemporary Political Theory will complement Contemporary Political Theory: A Reader edited by Colin Farrelly and also published by SAGE Publications.
Chapter 2: Nozick and the Entitlement Theory of Justice
Nozick and the Entitlement Theory of Justice
- Introduction 33
- The State: Is it Necessary? 35
- Wilt Chamberlain and the Entitlement Theory 39
- The Principle of Initial Acquisition 41
- The Principle of Rectification 46
- Conclusion: Self-Ownership and Private Property 49
The just society, according to Rawls, is one that protects citizens' basic liberties and arranges socio-economic inequalities so that they are to the greatest benefit of the least advantaged and attached to offices and positions open to all under conditions of fair equality of opportunity. This contrasts with the conception of justice defended by Robert Nozick. Justice, for Nozick, actually rules out the kind of redistribution that Rawls envisions. In Anarchy, State and Utopia (1974) Nozick defends the minimal state. The state should be ‘limited ...