Consciousness is an active area of both philosophical debates and scientific research. Consciousness Quest, rather than covering the broad spectrum of consciousness spread over multiple scientific disciplines, refocuses the quest for consciousness on a specific area where Eastern contemplative traditions, mostly in Hindu and Buddhist theories of mind, meet Western empirical research. This book is an introduction to current scientific thinking and research on consciousness and at the same time acquaints readers with the spectrum of classical and modern philosophical notions on consciousness.

Concept of Consciousness and Indian Theories of Mind

Concept of consciousness and Indian theories of mind

A good way to start this chapter is to introduce consciousness through self in Vedanta, a system of classical Indian philosophy (Dasgupta, 1952). Vedanta philosophy centers on the concept of self and the quest for true knowledge of self. This knowledge is achieved through realization and thus must be personally experienced. The idea or concept may be supported by considering the different states of consciousness. In the higher state of consciousness when one achieves a state of deep sleep, turiya, there is an inkling of the state of pure consciousness where cognition is absent. This experience is also called samadhi in yogic meditation. The concept of consciousness as it pertains ...

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