Consciousness is an active area of both philosophical debates and scientific research. Consciousness Quest, rather than covering the broad spectrum of consciousness spread over multiple scientific disciplines, refocuses the quest for consciousness on a specific area where Eastern contemplative traditions, mostly in Hindu and Buddhist theories of mind, meet Western empirical research. This book is an introduction to current scientific thinking and research on consciousness and at the same time acquaints readers with the spectrum of classical and modern philosophical notions on consciousness.
Chapter Thirteen: Material Basis of Consciousness
Material Basis of Consciousness
Material basis of consciousness is a sequel to the broader and somewhat philosophical Chapter 5. “Whatever is not found in microcosm does not exist in the macrocosm.” What is a neural correlate of consciousness? If spirit is consciousness, its base is provided by matter. Chalmers' (2000) discussion of NCC provides a stepping stone to discussing the material basis of consciousness. This chapter also considers the question, “To what extent is a superimposition of the Eastern views of consciousness on this framework possible?”
A neural system is defined as NCC if the system correlates directly with states of consciousness. The robot does not have phenomenology; it does not have intentionality (see Notes). Another way of defining the degree of intentionality ...