Confronting the State: ULFA's Quest for Sovereignty examines the complex nuances and dynamics that make ULFA (United Liberation Front of Assam) a formidable insurgent group in India. It argues that to understand the phenomenon of insurgency, one has to understand the genesis of conflict between the Indian State and the state of Assam right from the very inception of the nation-state.

The author claims that the ideological and identity issues between India and Assam have remained unresolved, and ULFA is a manifestation of that unresolved crisis. He explains that ULFA represents a mindset, a suppressed voice, which is deeply engrained in Assam's psyche. The declining support base of ULFA is not to be seen in its numerical strength; it represents the unmet aspirations of the tribal and ethnic groups of Assam.

The book tries to go beyond a ULFA-centric solution and dwells upon the issues of illegal migration, human development and the need for the protection of a composite society in Assam. It also deals with the 2012 (July-September) violent conflict in Bodoland over the issue of illegal migration and quest for a homogenous homeland. It tries to bring forward a framework of durable solution to the illegal migration issue in the state by contesting the existing discourse.

What Sustains ULFA?

What sustains ULFA?

If ULFA's support base was over, it should have no longer kept a centre stage the way the organisation is still doing, in spite of the arrests of all the top ULFA leadership and after all the important leaders have either surrendered or have been killed. Is it just an organisation of the frustrated, unemployed, vagabond youths? Or did they join ULFA to make some quick money? Or are they really motivated to carry forward a war against Delhi's exploitation? Or is it just a proxy war on behalf of anti-Indian forces like ISI and DGFI?

According to an estimate, more than 5,000 cadres of the organisation have surrendered. A total number of 984 extremists were killed in anti-insurgency operations from ...

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