Analyzing the relationship between globalization and cultures is the core objective of this volume. In it leading experts track cultural trends in all regions of the world, covering issues ranging from the role of cultural difference in politics and governance to heritage conservation, artistic expression, and the cultural industries. The book also includes a data section that consolidates the recently commenced but still inchoate work of cultural indicators.
Chapter 14: Tensions between North and South
Tensions between North and South
The symbolic situation of the ‘North’ versus the ‘South’ represents the asymmetrical economic, commercial, political, and cultural flows of globalization. North-South tensions relate specifically to the unequal distribution of symbolic artistic, scientific, and theoretical production, and of cultural labor. Current cultural globalization implicitly favors the ‘universalization’ of rules and paradigms of what should be understood as ‘valid’ systems of symbolic production. It is precisely this wide field of representations and symbolic production that generates unevenness between the North and the South (as geo-symbolic, rather than geographical places). In essence, cultural globalization stifles local production of culture, language, and memory, and gaps in access fuel North-South tensions and conflicts.
The four cardinal points are three: North and South