This book covers key movements that helped to shape psychology – from the early philosophical debate between rationalism and empiricism or realists and antirealists through to the emergence of psychology as a science and the ongoing debates about ‘objectivity’ and ‘truth’ and what a science of psychology should be. Often nuanced and complex, the author examines major conceptual issues in the history of psychology that continue to be debated and influence public policy and lay understanding. The latter stages of the book explore notions of individuality, hereditarianism, critical psychology, and feminist perspectives. While deeply rooted in human history, it is made clear that psychology, how it is conceived and practiced, has a bearing on our understanding of what it is to be human. Accessible, objective and above all comprehensive, this book will help students locate psychology in the wider field of science and understand the forces that continue to shape and define it.

Physiology and Phenomenology

Physiology and Phenomenology

Learning Objective

Two general approaches to the examination and understanding of psychological phenomena have been in place since the inception of scientific psychology—physiological and phenomenological. In a sense, the distinction has its modern roots in Descartes’ separation of mind from body as two distinct realities. As you might expect, physiological psychology is concerned with the body as it is involved in what we refer to as psychological. In particular, the focus has been on sensory and neurological processes. Phenomenology, in contrast, places its emphasis on human experience and consciousness, on one’s subjective condition as revealed through self-examination or introspection. These two traditions were both represented in the ‘new’ experimental psychology, but presented a difficulty in that they appeared to be ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles