Changes since the last edition: • The previous edition didn't quite fit modules on either comparative politics or voters and elections. The new edition is more closely mapped to modules on the latter. • New chapters on authoritarian elections and regime change, and electoral integrity. • Re-inclusion of a chapter on voting behaviour. • Stronger focus on the economy.

Introduction: Democracy and Autocracy

Introduction: Democracy and Autocracy

Introduction: Democracy and autocracy
Lawrence LeDucRichard G. NiemiPippa Norris

In this, the fourth edition of Comparing Democracies, we explore the ever-changing world of electoral democracy. The first edition, published in 1996, compared the electoral rules and practices of the “major democracies” and covered topics such as electoral systems, political parties, participation, and the media, that were prominent in the study of voting and elections at the time. The “third wave” of democratization popularized by Huntington (1991) was still a relatively new phenomenon. By 2002, when the second edition of the book appeared, “democratization” had become a more prominent theme in electoral research and the coverage of countries expanded to include more countries in Eastern Europe, Latin America, and Africa. While the universe ...

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