• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The benchmark First and Second Editions of Comparing Democracies represented essential guides to the global study of elections. Reflecting recent developments in the field, this timely new edition gives an indispensable state-of-the art review of the whole field from the world's leading international scholars. With a completely new thematic introduction which explores how democracy is built and sustained, thoroughly updated chapters (many of which are also new), the Third Edition provides a theoretical and comparative understanding of the major topics related to elections and introduces important work on key new areas. Comparing Democracies, Third Edition will remain a must-read for students and lecturers of elections and voting behavior, comparative politics, parties, and democracy.

Political Participation
Political participation

In a democracy, every citizen should have the right to express his or her views about what the government should do, should have the right to vote and to have a say about the selection of lawmakers, and should have the right to run as a candidate in elections if he or she so wishes. A democracy is a polity in which citizens are given the opportunity to participate.

Many democratic theorists argue that without substantial citizen participation democracy falls short of its goals (Pateman 1970) and that as a consequence the quality of democracy in a given polity can be ascertained by the degree of citizen involvement. Participation is a “good” thing, and a crucial challenge is to understand why so many ...

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