• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The benchmark First and Second Editions of Comparing Democracies represented essential guides to the global study of elections. Reflecting recent developments in the field, this timely new edition gives an indispensable state-of-the art review of the whole field from the world's leading international scholars. With a completely new thematic introduction which explores how democracy is built and sustained, thoroughly updated chapters (many of which are also new), the Third Edition provides a theoretical and comparative understanding of the major topics related to elections and introduces important work on key new areas. Comparing Democracies, Third Edition will remain a must-read for students and lecturers of elections and voting behavior, comparative politics, parties, and democracy.

Women and Elections
Women and elections

In the 1990s, the representation of women in public decision-making, and more specifically in legislatures, was put firmly on international and national agendas. For the first time in history, there was widespread agreement that the under-representation of women in legislatures was itself a sign of democratic deficit. It became emblematic of women's unequal citizenship, a rallying point for women's non-government organizations (NGOs), and a priority issue for the 1995 Beijing Platform for Action, adopted by 189 countries. One approach to increasing the parliamentary presence of women, the adoption of electoral quotas, became an international movement that spread swiftly around the globe. A range of multilateral bodies, including the United Nations (UN), the European Union (EU), the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), United ...

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