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Women and Elections
Women and elections

In the 1990s, the representation of women in public decision-making, and more specifically in legislatures, was put firmly on international and national agendas. For the first time in history, there was widespread agreement that the under-representation of women in legislatures was itself a sign of democratic deficit. It became emblematic of women's unequal citizenship, a rallying point for women's non-government organizations (NGOs), and a priority issue for the 1995 Beijing Platform for Action, adopted by 189 countries. One approach to increasing the parliamentary presence of women, the adoption of electoral quotas, became an international movement that spread swiftly around the globe. A range of multilateral bodies, including the United Nations (UN), the European Union (EU), the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), United ...

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