Comparative Youth Justice is the first book to critically reflect on contemporary juvenile justice reform in England and Wales and across various other western jurisdictions including the US, Canada, France, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, Belgium, Scotland, Japan, Italy and Finland. In doing so, it identifies major international differences in juvenile policy and practice. However, Contemporary Youth Justice is not simply an attempt to document national similarities and differences, but looks critically at how global trends are translated at the local level. This book also examines how youth justice is implemented in practice with a view to promoting change as well as reflection.
Chapter 8: Belgium: From Protection towards Accountability?
Belgium: From Protection towards Accountability?
In its complicated politico-administrative structure, Belgium is divided into three ‘regions’ (Flanders, Brussels and Wallonia), with autonomous responsibilities focused on economics, environment and labour, and into three ‘communities’ (Flanders, including the Dutch speaking population in Brussels; the French community in Belgium, including the French speaking population in Brussels; and a smaller German speaking community), whose responsibilities concern especially welfare, education and culture. The Federal State still holds important responsibilities in the field of, among others, defence, justice, social security and foreign affairs. About 23% of the population is younger than 18. This is not only the age of majority, but also the end of compulsory school attendance. About half of the population continues to ...