Comparative Youth Justice is the first book to critically reflect on contemporary juvenile justice reform in England and Wales and across various other western jurisdictions including the US, Canada, France, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, Belgium, Scotland, Japan, Italy and Finland. In doing so, it identifies major international differences in juvenile policy and practice. However, Contemporary Youth Justice is not simply an attempt to document national similarities and differences, but looks critically at how global trends are translated at the local level. This book also examines how youth justice is implemented in practice with a view to promoting change as well as reflection.
Chapter 7: Australia: Control, Containment or Empowerment?
Australia: Control, Containment or Empowerment?
An overview of juvenile justice in Australia highlights certain longer term continuities in approaches to young people, as well as a range of more recent changes which themselves often seem conflicting or contradictory. A fundamental continuity in juvenile justice has been the ongoing focus on working class, minority and Indigenous youth. However, there have also been changes in both the ideological underpinning of juvenile justice, as well as changes in policy and practice. The last decade has seen heightened public concern and moral panics about ethnic minority youth; the imposition of mandatory sentences on juvenile offenders; adoption of zero tolerance policing (especially in public spaces) and the significant extension of police powers; persistent over-representation ...