Comparative Youth Justice is the first book to critically reflect on contemporary juvenile justice reform in England and Wales and across various other western jurisdictions including the US, Canada, France, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, Belgium, Scotland, Japan, Italy and Finland. In doing so, it identifies major international differences in juvenile policy and practice. However, Contemporary Youth Justice is not simply an attempt to document national similarities and differences, but looks critically at how global trends are translated at the local level. This book also examines how youth justice is implemented in practice with a view to promoting change as well as reflection.
Chapter 3: England and Wales: The New Correctionalism
England and Wales: The New Correctionalism
The pace of youth justice reform in England and Wales over the past decade has been unprecedented. Since as early as 1993 when the New Labour motif of ‘tough on crime, tough on the causes of crime’ was first formulated, youth justice has been centre stage of the ‘modernising’ agenda. An increasing tendency to responsibilise children, their families and working-class communities, and a reliance on an expanding control apparatus to ‘manage’ poverty and disadvantage, have led to a relentless stream of ‘crackdowns’, initiatives, targets, policy proposals, pilot schemes, action plans and legislative enactments. Not only has it become an arduous task to simply keep abreast of the content of this reforming zeal, ...