Comparative Youth Justice is the first book to critically reflect on contemporary juvenile justice reform in England and Wales and across various other western jurisdictions including the US, Canada, France, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, Belgium, Scotland, Japan, Italy and Finland. In doing so, it identifies major international differences in juvenile policy and practice. However, Contemporary Youth Justice is not simply an attempt to document national similarities and differences, but looks critically at how global trends are translated at the local level. This book also examines how youth justice is implemented in practice with a view to promoting change as well as reflection.
Chapter 11: Italy: A Lesson in Tolerance?
Italy: A Lesson in Tolerance?
Comparative research, whether aimed at advancing theoretical understanding or practical goals, faces demanding challenges (Nelken, 2002; Roberts, 2002). This is well exemplified by collections that invite contributors to describe their different legal systems (Bailleau and Cartuyvels, 2002). Depending on the space allocated one can learn much that is important about each particular system (though there is never enough space even to provide a decent summary of the ‘law in books’, never mind the ‘law in action’). But the point of the exercise can remain somewhat obscure. Often the only purpose of a contribution seems to be to show the evolution of a given system (by comparing it to itself). Sometimes there are just too many potential ...