Comparative Youth Justice is the first book to critically reflect on contemporary juvenile justice reform in England and Wales and across various other western jurisdictions including the US, Canada, France, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, Belgium, Scotland, Japan, Italy and Finland. In doing so, it identifies major international differences in juvenile policy and practice. However, Contemporary Youth Justice is not simply an attempt to document national similarities and differences, but looks critically at how global trends are translated at the local level. This book also examines how youth justice is implemented in practice with a view to promoting change as well as reflection.
Chapter 10: Japan: From Child Protection to Penal Populism
Japan: From Child Protection to Penal Populism
In May 1997 in the city of Kobe, Western Japan, an 11 year old boy was reported missing after leaving home to visit his grandparents. Several days later his severed head was discovered in front of the main gate of a local school. With the head was a note, apparently written by the killer, expressing his hatred of society and extolling the pleasures of killing another person. The investigation soon focused on a 14 year old boy from the same school who was known to have been bullying the victim. Within days, the police had arrested the suspect, whom the media came to refer to as Shonen A (young person A). Shonen ...