Comparative Youth Justice is the first book to critically reflect on contemporary juvenile justice reform in England and Wales and across various other western jurisdictions including the US, Canada, France, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, Belgium, Scotland, Japan, Italy and Finland. In doing so, it identifies major international differences in juvenile policy and practice. However, Contemporary Youth Justice is not simply an attempt to document national similarities and differences, but looks critically at how global trends are translated at the local level. This book also examines how youth justice is implemented in practice with a view to promoting change as well as reflection.
Chapter 9: Welfare in Crisis? Key Developments in Scottish Youth Justice
Welfare in Crisis? Key Developments in Scottish Youth Justice
From the 1970s until the mid-1990s, the Scottish juvenile justice system exhibited a high degree of stability, both in terms of its institutional framework and policy ethos. Based on the welfare values enshrined in the Kilbrandon philosophy, the ‘children's hearings system’ became emblematic of a distinctively Scottish approach to youth crime and justice. This commitment to welfarism was in direct contrast to developments in many other Western jurisdictions (not least the system south of the border in England and Wales).
The stability of the Scottish system has, however, been somewhat shaken by a series of recent policy developments, set in train by the Children (Scotland) Act 1995 and culminating ...