Comparative, International and Global Justice: Perspectives from Criminology and Criminal Justice presents and critically assesses a wide range of topics relevant to criminology, criminal justice and global justice. The text is divided into three parts: comparative criminal justice, international criminology, and transnational and global criminology. Within each field are located specific topics which the authors regard as contemporary and highly relevant and that will assist students in gaining a fuller appreciation of global justice issues. Authors Cyndi Banks and James Baker address these complex global issues using a scholarly but accessible approach, often using detailed case studies. The discussion of each topic is a comprehensive contextualized account that explains the social context in which law and crime exist and engages with questions of explanation or interpretation. The authors challenge students to gain knowledge of international and comparative criminal justice issues and think about them in a critical manner. It has become difficult to ignore the global and international dimensions of criminal justice and criminology and this text aims to enhance criminal justice education by focusing on some of the issues engaging criminology worldwide, and to prepare students for a future where fields of study like transnational crime are unexceptional. FREE Online Resources give students access to helpful learning tools for study and review! Learn more at http://study.sagepub.com/banksbaker
Chapter 13: Violence Against Women
Violence Against Women
Globally, research has revealed that violence against women is a universal, systemic phenomenon that takes many forms, including
- violence against women within the family (including domestic violence, harmful traditional practices such as female circumcision, marital rape, and honor crimes);
- violence against women in the community (including femicide, sexual violence by non-partners, sexual harassment and trafficking, and honor crimes);
- violence against women authorized and condoned by the state (including women in custody suffering violence, allowing domestic violence to be perpetrated on women through inadequate laws or poor implementation of laws, and forms of forced sterilization); and
- violence against women in armed conflict (including unlawful killings, torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment, abductions, maiming and mutilation, forced recruitment of women combatants, ...