Comparative, International and Global Justice: Perspectives from Criminology and Criminal Justice presents and critically assesses a wide range of topics relevant to criminology, criminal justice and global justice. The text is divided into three parts: comparative criminal justice, international criminology, and transnational and global criminology. Within each field are located specific topics which the authors regard as contemporary and highly relevant and that will assist students in gaining a fuller appreciation of global justice issues. Authors Cyndi Banks and James Baker address these complex global issues using a scholarly but accessible approach, often using detailed case studies. The discussion of each topic is a comprehensive contextualized account that explains the social context in which law and crime exist and engages with questions of explanation or interpretation. The authors challenge students to gain knowledge of international and comparative criminal justice issues and think about them in a critical manner. It has become difficult to ignore the global and international dimensions of criminal justice and criminology and this text aims to enhance criminal justice education by focusing on some of the issues engaging criminology worldwide, and to prepare students for a future where fields of study like transnational crime are unexceptional. FREE Online Resources give students access to helpful learning tools for study and review! Learn more at http://study.sagepub.com/banksbaker
Chapter 11: Human Trafficking Across Borders
Human Trafficking Across Borders
Trading in human beings, including slavery and trafficking in slaves, is an ancient practice in the history of humanity. The movement of persons from place to place in modern times for exploitive purposes, usually from less developed or more fragile states to more developed and stabler states, is sometimes called “slavery,” usually where the exploitive purpose is the provision of sexual services.1 This evocative association with slavery resonates with the “white slavery” panics of the last century. Yet, while trafficking can be understood as incorporating some of the aspects of slave trading, it also reflects the economic, social, and political conditions of the present (Lee 2012, 4).
In its contemporary form, human trafficking embodies historical fears in the ...