Comparative, International and Global Justice: Perspectives from Criminology and Criminal Justice presents and critically assesses a wide range of topics relevant to criminology, criminal justice and global justice. The text is divided into three parts: comparative criminal justice, international criminology, and transnational and global criminology. Within each field are located specific topics which the authors regard as contemporary and highly relevant and that will assist students in gaining a fuller appreciation of global justice issues. Authors Cyndi Banks and James Baker address these complex global issues using a scholarly but accessible approach, often using detailed case studies. The discussion of each topic is a comprehensive contextualized account that explains the social context in which law and crime exist and engages with questions of explanation or interpretation. The authors challenge students to gain knowledge of international and comparative criminal justice issues and think about them in a critical manner. It has become difficult to ignore the global and international dimensions of criminal justice and criminology and this text aims to enhance criminal justice education by focusing on some of the issues engaging criminology worldwide, and to prepare students for a future where fields of study like transnational crime are unexceptional. FREE Online Resources give students access to helpful learning tools for study and review! Learn more at http://study.sagepub.com/banksbaker
Chapter 10: Transnational Crime
This chapter explains the concept of “transnational crime” (TNC) and examines how it is constituted, conducted, and combated. Essentially, TNC denotes criminality that crosses national borders. Commonly, but not always, transnational crime is also “organized crime” because the logistics of conducting criminal activities across states requires a certain degree of organization. The commonly recognized categories of TNC are drug trafficking, human trafficking, illicit sale of antiques, trafficking in endangered species, arms trafficking, and money laundering, but the categories of TNC are not closed.
TNC is often associated with weak or fragile states1 or loss of sovereignty and is implicated in the process of globalization. It should not be regarded as committed solely by large well-organized criminal entities because some TNC is ...