Comparative, International and Global Justice: Perspectives from Criminology and Criminal Justice presents and critically assesses a wide range of topics relevant to criminology, criminal justice and global justice. The text is divided into three parts: comparative criminal justice, international criminology, and transnational and global criminology. Within each field are located specific topics which the authors regard as contemporary and highly relevant and that will assist students in gaining a fuller appreciation of global justice issues. Authors Cyndi Banks and James Baker address these complex global issues using a scholarly but accessible approach, often using detailed case studies. The discussion of each topic is a comprehensive contextualized account that explains the social context in which law and crime exist and engages with questions of explanation or interpretation. The authors challenge students to gain knowledge of international and comparative criminal justice issues and think about them in a critical manner. It has become difficult to ignore the global and international dimensions of criminal justice and criminology and this text aims to enhance criminal justice education by focusing on some of the issues engaging criminology worldwide, and to prepare students for a future where fields of study like transnational crime are unexceptional. FREE Online Resources give students access to helpful learning tools for study and review! Learn more at http://study.sagepub.com/banksbaker
Chapter 7: Juvenile Justice
Worldwide, juvenile justice systems differ significantly in several aspects. As always, in investigating justice systems, it is important to understand systems as law in action and not simply as law in books. This can be a challenging task where there is an absence of empirical studies and scholarly research is scant or superficial. For example, the focus on rights and due process found in U.S. juvenile systems is not followed in Japan, where complex cultural and social values influence the social construction of delinquency and the control and protection of youth generally,1 or in China, where bottom-up approaches to juvenile justice through the ideology of the “mass line” and the perceived value of reform through labor offer a very different view ...