- Subject index
This essential new book brings together world class scholars to provide a completely new comparative politics text. It offers a comprehensive reivew of the complete democratic process and provides a framework for measuring and evaluating contemporary democracy and democratic performance around the world.
Chapter 9: Comparative Politics and the Welfare State
Comparative Politics and the Welfare State
There are many ways to study the welfare state. The economists' major questions obviously deal with the economic conditions and consequences of welfare state interventions in the economy – typically in terms of efficiency both macro- and micro-economically (see: Barr, 1993). The sociologists' interests concern the social underpinnings of welfare state development and the outcomes of main welfare state policies and programmes – most crucially in terms of equality labour market behaviour and the life cycle. The host of comparative, empirical studies of the welfare state tend to combine the economic and sociological perspective and can therefore be rightly grouped under the sub-discipline of economic sociology (Esping-Andersen, 1994).
It is conspicuous that, until recently, ...