Community Youth Development: Programs, Policies, and Practices focuses on positive methods for youth development that are rapidly supplanting the traditional deficit-oriented, problem-reduction approaches. Edited by eminent scholars Francisco A. Villarruel, Daniel F. Perkins, Lynne M. Borden, and Joanne G. Keith, this accessible volume provides practical tools and models for developing community-wide initiatives that strengthen protective factors, build competencies, and focus on thriving indicators. Examining the needs of multiple audiences, programs, and policies, each chapter contributes to an overall understanding of the "how" and "why" of community youth development. Designed for upper division undergraduate and graduate students in human development, family studies, and education, Community Youth Development: Programs, Policies, and Practices is also an invaluable resource for researchers, practitioners, and policy advocates for youth and community development.
Chapter 2: The African American Child and Positive Youth Development: A Journey from Support to Sufficiency
The African American Child and Positive Youth Development: A Journey from Support to Sufficiency
We must recapture and care about our lost children and help them gain the confidence, self-esteem, values, and real-world opportunities—education and jobs—that they need to be strong future guardians of the black community's heritage. And tell them to take the initiative in creating their own opportunity. They can't wait around for other people to discover them or to do them a favor.
—Marian Wright Edelman (1987, p. 134)
These words from a speech delivered by Marian Wright Edelman depict the lofty goal facing professionals who endeavor to address the positive development of African American youth. The [Page 28]formation and implementation ...