This book provides new insights into an important national community development challenge: how to stimulate the formation of genuinely community-based organizations and effective citizen action in neighborhoods that have not spawned these efforts spontaneously. Using evaluation research and detailed comparative study of community development activity in three diverse demonstration sites; Little Rock, New Orleans and Palm Beach county, the authors identify key elements of building social capital which strongly affect community development.
Chapter 3: A Social Capital Perspective on Community Development Practice
A Social Capital Perspective on Community Development Practice
This chapter draws on the theories and framework introduced in Chapter 2 to examine different community development practices. We highlight four major activities in the field: the CDC movement, comprehensive community initiatives, the federal Empowerment Zone and Enterprise Community program, and community organizing. The discussion is intended to both position the LISC demonstration relative to other efforts in the field and use a description of a broad range of practices to provide informed expectations about what the LISC demonstration could reasonably be expected to accomplish.
Community Development Corporations (CDCs)
The CDC movement is the most relevant to our understanding of the context for and dynamics of the LISC national demonstration program (thus, ...