This book provides new insights into an important national community development challenge: how to stimulate the formation of genuinely community-based organizations and effective citizen action in neighborhoods that have not spawned these efforts spontaneously. Using evaluation research and detailed comparative study of community development activity in three diverse demonstration sites; Little Rock, New Orleans and Palm Beach county, the authors identify key elements of building social capital which strongly affect community development.
Chapter 2: Social Capital and Networks in Community Development: Framing the LISC Demonstration
Social Capital and Networks in Community Development: Framing the LISC Demonstration
There is increasing recognition of the potential role of social capital and networks in community development, both for understanding it conceptually and for strengthening practice. For example, Keyes et al. (1996) suggest that national community development intermediaries (e.g., LISC) are crucial in providing nonprofits located in institutionally barren environments with the necessary financial, technical, political, and moral support needed to foster a viable low-income housing industry. They further suggest that it is incumbent on the intermediaries, with their strong corporate and foundation backing, to cultivate supportive local networks for nonprofit housing groups (p. 26). Hornburg and Lang (1998) conjecture that building social capital may ...