This book provides new insights into an important national community development challenge: how to stimulate the formation of genuinely community-based organizations and effective citizen action in neighborhoods that have not spawned these efforts spontaneously. Using evaluation research and detailed comparative study of community development activity in three diverse demonstration sites; Little Rock, New Orleans and Palm Beach county, the authors identify key elements of building social capital which strongly affect community development.



The community development movement has now matured into what many would call a fledgling industry that includes more than 2,000 community development corporations (CDCs; National Congress for Community Economic Development, 1995). The community development field includes an increasingly sophisticated network of foundations, corporations, intermediaries, and technical assistance providers, with local, state, and federal government agencies also playing key roles in localities where CDCs are numerous (Keyes et al. 1996).

The speed of changes in the funding landscape and deteriorating conditions in America's inner cities (Jargowsky 1996; Mills and Lubuele 1997; Wilson 1996) lend urgency to the need to broaden and deepen community development capacity locally and nationally. The devolution of responsibility to the state and local levels will increase the demands made on the community ...

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