NGOs today, as part of civil society, have come to play a prominent role in South Asia in the context of community-based natural resource management (CBNRM). This book examines the theory and practice of NGO-driven CBNRM within the framework of emerging critiques of dominant discourses of development, the micro-politics of decentralization, and the projection of community development. The book breaks new ground by situating these critiques within six detailed cases of CBNRM initiatives.

To what extent does CBNRM continue to offer a vision for the future and what role, if any, could NGOs play in this? The authors attempt to answer this question by seeking to understand the ideas and insights of CBNRM that intervening agencies bring with them and by examining the outcomes of the interventions and the strategies used to achieve them.

The book concludes that though these CBNRM efforts have made significant contributions to livelihood enhancement, the results gained are limited in collective action for sustainable and equitable access to benefits, continuing resource use, and in terms of democratic decentralization.

Sustainable Livelihoods in Riverine Charlands: The Case of Gono Chetona

Sustainable livelihoods in Riverine Charlands: The case of Gono Chetona


Community-based natural resource management experiments in Bangladesh have been going on in small pockets largely through the efforts of NGOs. These efforts have gained prominence because of the success of some of the well-known cases of NGO intervention, especially the micro-credit programmes. Non-governmental organisations are also increasingly emerging in the context of state programmes as well as donor-aided programmes. Most of these development programmes that involve NGOs suffer, however, from an absence of a policy framework that guide them, especially in the context of NRM. The Sustainable Environment Management Plan (SEMP) is the first attempt towards the establishment of a conducive policy and legislative and ...

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