NGOs today, as part of civil society, have come to play a prominent role in South Asia in the context of community-based natural resource management (CBNRM). This book examines the theory and practice of NGO-driven CBNRM within the framework of emerging critiques of dominant discourses of development, the micro-politics of decentralization, and the projection of community development. The book breaks new ground by situating these critiques within six detailed cases of CBNRM initiatives.
To what extent does CBNRM continue to offer a vision for the future and what role, if any, could NGOs play in this? The authors attempt to answer this question by seeking to understand the ideas and insights of CBNRM that intervening agencies bring with them and by examining the outcomes of the interventions and the strategies used to achieve them.
The book concludes that though these CBNRM efforts have made significant contributions to livelihood enhancement, the results gained are limited in collective action for sustainable and equitable access to benefits, continuing resource use, and in terms of democratic decentralization.
Chapter 6: Community-Based Natural Resource Management in the Central Himalayas: The Work of Doodha Toli Lok Vikas Sansthan
Community-Based Natural Resource Management in the Central Himalayas: The Work of Doodha Toli Lok Vikas Sansthan
The Central Himalayas of Garhwal and Kumaon in India are associated with the world-famous Chipko movement. As a movement in which environmental conservation and decentralised resource control were central concerns, Chipko was in many ways the philosophical precursor of the concept of CBNRM. Although the movement died down in the 1980s, several offshoots emerged and took root in different parts of Uttarakhand, attempting to translate the vision of Chipko into [Page 197]practice in different ways, inspiring local communities to take up what we now call CBNRM-type initiatives. The Doodha Toli Lok Vikas Sansthan (DTLVS) ...